Miranda AlisonAaron BelkinDebra BergoffenPascale BosJoanna Bourke Raphaëlle BrancheKirsten CampbellNwarsungu ChiwengoLouise du ToitLisa GabrielJulia Garraio Christa Hämmerle Elissa MailänderGabriela MischkowskiGorana Mlinarevic Tatiana MouraRegina MühlhäuserMadeleine Rees • Amandine Regamey Atreyee Sen Yuki Tanaka Fabrice Virgili Anna von Gall Hyunah Yang Dubravka ZarkovGaby Zipfel

 

• Miranda Alison

is an Associate Professor in the Department of Politics & International Studies at the University of Warwick, UK. After completing her MA she worked briefly for the United Nations as an intern with both the Division for the Advancement of Women in New York and the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Geneva. In 2009, Miranda published her Ph.D. thesis entitled Women and Political Violence: Female Combatants in Ethno-national Conflict, for which she interviewed female combatants in Sri Lanka and Northern Island. Before joining Warwick in September 2004, Miranda held an ESRC Postdoctoral Fellowship at the University of Sheffield. She has published »Wartime Sexual Violence: Women's Human Rights and Questions of Masculinity,« in: Review of International Studies 33 (2007), 1. From 2007–2009, Miranda was a co-convenor (with Jamie Munn and Ruth Jacobsen) of the ESRC-funded seminar series »Understanding Gendered Agency in Violent Conflict: Extending Conceptual and Methodological Parameters«.

 

• Aaron Belkin

is the Director of the Palm Center, a research institute that promotes the study of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people in the armed forces. He is also a Professor in the Department of Political Science at San Francisco State University, California, USA. Aaron designed and implemented much of the public education campaign that eroded popular support for LGBT discrimination in the American military, and summarized the lessons he learned about successful advocacy in How We Won: Progressive Lessons from the Repeal of »Don't Ask, Don't Tell« (2011). He is a co-founding editor of Critical Military Studies and has written and edited more than thirty scholarly articles, chapters and books, among them »Spam filter: gay rights and the normalization of male-male rape in the US Military«, in Radical History Review (2008). The conversation »Militarized Masculinities and the Erasure of Violence« between Aaron and Terrell Carver was published in the International Feminist Journal for Politics (2012). In his most recent book, Bring Me Men: Military Masculinity and the Benign Facade of American Empire, 1898-2001 (2012), Aaron explores the contradictory messages connected to military masculinity.

 

• Debra Bergoffen

is an Emerita Professor of Philosophy at the George Mason University in Washington D.C., USA, and a Bishop Hamilton Lecturer in Philosophy at the American University. Debra has published extensively in the area of continental and feminist theory. In addition to numerous articles in journals and anthologies, she is the author of Contesting the Politics of Genocidal Rape: Affirming the Dignity of the Vulnerable Body (2011) and The Philosophy of Simone de Beauvoir: Gendered Phenomenologies, Erotic Generosities (1996). She is the co-editor (with Paula Ruth Gilbert, Tamara Harvey and Connie L. Mc Neely) of Confronting Global Gender Justice: Women's Lives, Human Rights (2010) (with Gail Weiss) and The Ethics of Embodiment, a special issue of Hypathia (2011). Her essay »(Un)Gendering Vulnerability: Re-scripting the Meaning of Male-Male Rape« has been published in the Canadian Journal of Continental Philosophy 18 (2014), 1. Her latest work »Antigone after Auschwitz« reads Antigone in the context of the genocides of the 20th and 21st centuries.

 

• Pascale Bos

is an Associate Professor in the department of Germanic Studies at the University of Texas at Austin, USA. She is also associated with the Women's and Gender Studies, Comparative Literature, and European Studies Programs and the Schusterman Center for Jewish Studies. Pascale holds a Ph.D. in Comparative Literature, and her research interests include twentieth century comparative Western European and US literature, gender studies, memory studies, and the history, culture and literature of the Holocaust. She has published »Feminists Interpreting the Politics of Wartime Rape: Berlin 1945, Yugoslavia 1992–1993,« in: Signs. Journal of Women in Culture and Society 31 (2006), 4; and German-Jewish Literature in the Wake of the Holocaust: Grete Weil, Ruth Klüger, and the Politics of Address (2005). Her most recent article »Her flesh is branded: ›For Officers Only‹: Imagining and Imagined Sexual Violence against Jewish Women during the Holocaust« has been published in Lessons and Legacies XI (2014).

 

• Joanna Bourke

is Professor of History at Birkbeck College, University of London, UK. She has written histories of rape, modern warfare, pain, military medicine, psychology and psychiatry, the emotions, and what it means to be human. Her monograph Rape: A History from 1860s to the Present (2007) has been translated into Italian, Spanish, Czech, Russian, and Greek. Other relevant works include »Wartime Rape. The Politics of Making Visible,« in: Liberal Democracies at War (2013); »The Threshold of the Human: Sexual Violence and Terror in the ›War on Terror‹,« in: The Oxford Amnesty Lectures (2009); Fear: A Cultural History (2005); and An Intimate History of Killing: Face-to-Face Killing in the Twentieth Century (1999).

 

• Raphaëlle Branche

is a Professor of Contemporary History at Rouen University, France. Raphaëlle works on colonial France, particularly on Algeria. She adresses many aspects of violence under colonial rule and, more specifically, during wartime. In this context, she studied the rapes committed by the French Army during the Algerian war of liberation and co-organised the international conference »Rape in Wartime: A history to be written« with Fabrice Virgili, which was published in parts in French in 2011 and in English in 2013. Raphaëlle is the co-author of the documentary Palestro, Algérie: histoires d'une embuscade (with Rémi Lainé, 2011). Other publications include La Torture et l'armée pendant la guerre d'Algérie (2001), which was translated into Arabic (2011); »Sexual Violence in the Algerian War,« in: Brutality and Desire. War and Sexuality in Europe's Twentieth Century (2008); and Prisonniers du FLN (2014).

 

• Kirsten Campbell

is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Sociology at Goldsmiths College, University of London, UK, where she teaches sociology of law and social theory. Kirsten’s current research »The Gender of Justice« examines the prosecution of sexual violence in armed conflict under international criminal law, focusing upon the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. Kirsten has published extensively in this area, including articles in The International Journal of Transitional Justice, Social and Legal Studies, Signs, and The Journal of Human Rights. Her research builds upon a number of funded empirical projects, including the ESRC project »The Legal Regulation of Armed Conflict«, her international collaborative work on transitional justice mechanisms, »Spanish Bones, Bosnian Ghosts« (ERC), comparing post-conflict mechanisms in Spain and Bosnia, and »The ›Codification of Trauma in Humanitarian Law‹« (Wenner Gren Foundation), a study of the legal shaping of memory. Kirsten is also a member of the Research Unit for Global Justice.

 

• Nwarsungu Chiwengo

is a Professor in the Department of English Studies, Creighton University, USA. She teaches World, African and African American Literature courses at Creighton. She is also the faculty moderator of the »African Student Association« and the Director of Creighton's Black Studies Minor. She is author of the book Understanding »Cry, the Beloved Country«: A Student Casebook to Issues, Sources, and Historical Documents (2007). Much of Chiwengo’s work deals with questions of narratives of violence, trauma, and embodiment, mainly in the context of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Her articles in English include »When Wounds and Corpses Fail to Speak: Narratives of Violence and Rape in Congo (DRC)«, which was published in Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (2008); as well as »Making Visible and Eradicating Congo’s History of Violence: Maiming the Female/National Body«, which appeared in the volume Violence in/and the Great Lakes. The Thought of V.Y. Mudimbe and Beyond (2014).

 

• Louise du Toit

is a Professor in the Department of Philosophy at the University of Stellenbosch near Cape Town in South Africa. She is a rated researcher under the scheme of the National Research Foundation of South Africa and receives regular funding from that body. Louise has written on sexual violence from various perspectives, including philosophy of law, post-colonial studies, feminist philosophy of religion, and theories of meaning and the body. She is the author of A Philosophical Investigation of Rape: the making and unmaking of the feminine self (2009); »From consent to coercive circumstances: rape law reform on trial«, in: South African Journal on Human Rights 28 (2012), 3; and »Feminism and the ethics of reconciliation,« in: Eurozine, 16.03.2007 (which was translated into Swedish and German). She was guest editor for a special edition of the Philosophical Papers on »The Meaning/s of Rape« (2009) and a board member of the International Association of Women Philosophers (IAPh).

 

Lisa Gabriel

is a Freelancer for the Working Group »War & Gender« at the Hamburg Foundation for the Advancement for Science and Culture in Germany. She received her MA in Sociology/Military Studies and National Economics in 2010 at the Department of Sociology, University of Potsdam. In her MA thesis »Gewalt und sexuelle Differenz. Zur Struktur der Debatte Allgemeiner Soziologie und Feministischer Kritik« she investigated thoretical concepts of violence in New German Sociological Thought as well as the intersection of the categories of gender and violence in Military Studies. As a member of a Research Group on the Former Nazi Concentration Camp for Girls and Young Women, Uckermark, Lisa has studied the conditions that frame the commemoration of sexualised prosecution and sexualised violence in WWII. Her article »Über die Bedingungen des Sprechens vom Überleben und das Zuhören« was published in 2013. Lisa is furthermore working at the open youth-center Manege in Berlin, where she is a trainer for violence prevention and political education.

 

• Júlia Garraio

is a Researcher at the Center for Social Studies at the University of Coimbra in Portugal. Currently she is working on the ERC-funded project »MEMOIRS – Children of Empires and European Postmemories«. Julia is a specialist in German literature and has analyzed literary and cinematographic representations of the rape of German women in World War II. In this context, she has published »Verschweigen, feministische Begeisterung, deutscher Opferdiskurs und romantische Trivialisierung. Die vielen Leben des Tagebuchs Eine Frau in Berlin,« in: REAL – Revista de Estudos Alemães (2012); »Vergewaltigung als Schlüsselbegriff einer misslungenen Vergangenheitsbewältigung. Hans Ulrich Treichels Der Verlorene und Reinhard Jirgls Die Unvollendeten,« in: Mittelweg 36 (2010), 4; and »The Western way is the German way. Contemporary German films revisit allied wartime violence,« in: Filologia, Memória e Esquecimento (2010). Also, Julia has written the article »›Arresting Gaddafi will be the most effective way to stop these rapes.‹ Sexual Violence in the Western Media's Coverage of the War in Libya, in: E-cadernos 16 (2012)

 

• Christa Hämmerle

is an Associate Professor of Modern History and Women´s and Gender History at the Department of History, University of Vienna. She has done research on various dimensions of war, violence and gender in the 19th and 20th century (esp. on the First World War; the Austro-Hungarian military from 1868–1918; and war memorial culture after 1918), what she often connects with an analysis of auto/biographical writings. Christa is the Chair of the Sammlung Frauennachlässe (Collection of Women´s Personal Papers) and the primarily responsible editor of L´Homme. Europäische Zeitschrift für Feministische Geschichtswissenschaft, for which she currently coordinates a series of comments on the history of wartime sexual violence. Her latest publications include: with Li Gerhalter (eds.), Krieg. Politik. Schreiben. Tagebücher von Frauen (2015); Heimat/Front. Geschlechtergeschichte/n des Ersten Weltkriegs in Österreich-Ungarn (2014); and with Oswald Überegger and Birgitta Bader-Zaar (eds.), Gender and the First World War (2014).

 

• Elissa Mailänder

is an Associate Professor in the department of history at Sciences Po Paris in France. She earned her PhD at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) in France and the University of Erfurt in Germany in 2007. Her teaching and research focus on everyday- and gender history of Nazism, as well as violence and sexuality. Her book Gewalt im Dienstalltag: Die SS-Aufseherinnen des Konzentrations- und Vernichtungslagers Majdanek 1942–1944 (2009), has been published in English (Workday Violence: Female Guards at Lublin-Majdanek, 1942–1944) in 2015. Aside from it, Elissa has published several articles on the history of Nazi perpetrators and the structures, mechanisms and dynamics of violence in German concentration and extermination camps. Her publications include »Meshes of Power: The Concentration Camp as Pulp or Art House in Liliana Cavani’s The Night Porter,« in: Nazisploitation. The Nazi Image in Low-Brow Cinema and Culture (2012); and »Everyday life in Nazi Germany. A Forum,« moderated by Andrew Stuart Bergerson, in: German History 27 (2009), 4.

 

• Gabriela Mischkowski

studied history and philosophy. In 1992, she was a co-founder of the women's rights and aid organization medica mondiale in Cologne, Germany; and since then she is engaged in researching, combatting and prosecuting sexual violence in armed conflict. Since 1998, Gabriela freelances as medica mondiale’s Program Advisor on Gender Justice and thus became a member of the Women's Caucus for Gender Justice, an international feminist group of experts that participated in the negotiations for the International Criminal Court (ICC). Gabriela participated in several international fact finding missions on sexual violence during armed conflicts in Gujarat/India, Aceh/Indonesia and Northern Uganda and has published several articles on the issue, including problems in prosecuting sexual war violence. She is co-author of the study »... and that it does not happen to anyone anywhere in the world«. The Trouble with Rape Trials - Views of Witnesses, Prosecutors and Judges on Prosecuting Sexualised Violence during the War in former Yugoslavia (2009).

 

• Gorana Mlinarevic

is a researcher in ‘The Gender of Justice’-project which examines the prosecution of sexual violence in armed conflict under international criminal law, focusing upon the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. She is also a feminist activist and researcher on post-war issues and experiences affecting women, and she teaches in the areas of gender and transitional justice, feminist critique of nationalism and gender at the Centre for Interdisciplinary Postgraduate Studies, University of Sarajevo. Gorana’s interdisciplinary research explores intersections and tensions between identity politics and economic and social realities of the post-war societies and societies in so called transitions with a special focus on histories of the women’s movement in BiH. She co-authored the study »... and that it those not happen to anyone anywhere in the world«. The Trouble with Rape Trials. Views of Witnesses, Prosecutors and Judges on Prosecuting Sexualized Violence during the War of Bosnia and Herzegovina (with Gabriela Mischkowski, 2009). Her contribution »Women’s Movements and Gender Studies in Bosnia and Herzegovina« appeared in Aspasia 5 (2011).

 

• Tatiana Moura

is the Executive Director of Promundo Institute, Brazil. Founded in 1997, Instituto Promundo is a Brazilian NGO that seeks to promote gender equality and end violence against women, children and youth. In the last years, Tatiana has coordinated several projects on the involvement of women and girls in contexts of armed violence, particularly in Latin America and Sub-saharian Africa. From 2008 to 2011 she coordinated the Observatory on Gender and Armed Violence at the Peace Studies Group at the Centre for Social Studies at the University of Coimbra in Portugal. She is currently a member of the International Action Network on Small Arms (IAC) of IANSA and of the global alliance MenEngage. Tatiana holds a PhD in Peace, Conflicts and Democracy Studies and her research interests include feminism and International Relations, new wars, urban violence as well as gender and armed violence. Among her publications is Novíssimas guerras. Espaços, identidades e espirais da violência armada (2010).

 

• Regina Mühlhäuser

is a Researcher at the Hamburg Foundation for the Advancement of Science and Culture and an Associate Researcher at the Hamburg Institute for Social Research in Germany. She is the coordinator of the Foundation's Working Group on »War & Gender«. Regina specialises in 20th century history, and her book Eroberungen. Sexuelle Gewalttaten und intime Beziehungen deutscher Soldaten in der Sowjetunion, 1941–1945 (2010) has been translated into Japanese (2015) and is forthcoming in English (Conquests. Sexual Violence and intimate Relations of German Soldiers in the Soviet Union). In 1994, Regina has conducted field work in Korea and China, interviewing former »comfort women«, who had been sexually enslaved by the Japanese Imperial Army during WWII. Currently she is working on the project »On All Fronts: A Comparative Study of How Sexual Violence Was Dealt With during World War II«, in which she compares the measures that the German, Japanese and Allied Forces implemented to control, restrict or instigate sexual violence. Her most recent work on different conceptions of sexual violence as weapon of war and genocide has been published in the Journal of the History of Sexuality (2017).

 

Madeleine Rees

is the General Secretary of the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom in Geneva, Switzerland. She has studied law, worked as a lawyer and specialised in discrimination law since 1989. In 1997 Madeleine left legal practice in the UK to work in Bosnia and subsequently became the head of the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNOHCHR) in Sarajevo. She developed a reputation for the work she did in relation to trafficking and post conflict transition from a gender perspective. From 2006 to April 2010, she was the head of the Women’s Rights and Gender Unit in UNOHCHR in Geneva. Some of her research interests center around the question how the concept of Security can be better understood and interpreted; and how the human rights machinery responds to gender and sexuality perspectives.

 

• Amandine Regamey

teaches Russian language and civilisation at Paris I University (Panthéon Sorbonne), and is an Associate Member of the Centre for Russian, Caucasian and Central Asian Studies (CERCEC, EHESS/CNRS) in Paris, France. Amandine has been conducting research on the Chechen war since 1999, focusing on the logics of violence against civilians, on gendered and sexual violence and war rumours and legends. Among Amandine's publications are (with Anne Le Huérou) »Russia’s War in Chechnya: The Discourse of Counterterrorism and the Legitimation of Violence,« in: Democracies at War against Terrorism (2008); »Les femmes snipers de Tchétchénie: interprétation d'une légende de guerre«, in: Questions de Recherche du CERI (2011); »The Weight of Imagination: Rapes and the Legend of Women Snipers in Chechnya,« in: Rape in Wartime (2013); (with Françoise Daucé), »Les violences contre les femmes en Russie: des difficultés du chiffrage à la singularité de la prise en charge,« in: Cultures et Conflits (2012), 85/86.

 

Atreyee Sen

is an Associate Professor in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Copenhagen in Denmark. She is an urban anthropologist of violence and conflict, with a regional focus on South Asia. Between 2004 and 2015, she held prominent academic positions at the University of Sussex and the University of Manchester in the UK. Her interdisciplinary research interests focus on the historical trajectories of religio-political conflict and how the latter generate sub-cultures of violence among marginalised urban communities. She has published the monograph Shiv Sena Women: Violence and Communalism in a Bombay Slum (2007) as well as several other articles on criminalised women who affiliate themselves with an extremist political movement. Another part of her research centers around the phenomenon of urban male child soldiering in Hyderabad, about which she has written in Ethnography and the Journal of South Asian Studies. Currently, Atreyee conducts research amongst city-based networks of former Indian Maoist guerrillas, investigating their journeys from empowerment (as politically motivated guerillas) to victimhood (capture, torture, beatings, prison rapes).

 

Yuki Tanaka

is a Research Professor of History, Emeritus at the Hiroshima Peace Institute, Hiroshima City University, Japan. In 2008, he was a visiting professor at Birkbeck College, London University, and the Sir Ninian Stephen Visiting Scholar at the Law School, Melbourne University. Yuki specializes in the history of Japanese war crimes during World War II as well as the aerial bombing of Japanese cities conducted by the U.S. His publications include Japan’s Comfort Women: Sexual Slavery and Prostitution During World War II and the US Occupation (Routledge, 2002), Hidden Horrors: Japanese War Crimes in World War II (Westview Press, 1996) and a co-edited book, Beyond Victor’s Justice?: The Tokyo War Crimes Trial Revisited (Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2011).

 

• Fabrice Virgili

is the Research Director of the joint research unit »Identity, international relations, and European civilizations« (IRICE) at the National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS) at Paris I University (Panthéon-Sorbonne) in France. His research interests include sexual identity and war in the twentieth century; war and sexuality; borders, confrontations, and intimacy; the children of Franco-German couples during World War II; as well as war, violence and society. Fabrice has co-organized the exhibition »Amours, guerres et sexualité 1914-1945« (with François Rouquet and Danièle Voldman), which was opened in Paris in 2007, and the conference »Rape in Wartime: A History to be written« in 2009 (with Raphaëlle Branche, which was published in part in French in 2011 and in English in 2013). He published several books on gender and violence in the twentieth century, among them La France »virile«: Des femmes tondues à la Libération (2000), published in English as Shorn Women: Gender and Punishment in Liberation France (2003); and Naître ennemi. Les enfants nés de couplecolor: franco-allemands pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale (2009).

 

• Anna von Gall

is a legal adviser for the Program »Gender Justice« at the European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights (ECCHR) in Berlin, Germany. She looks for ways to pursue gender-specific proceedings in order to dismantle fixed gender stereotypes and the discrimination they might facilitate. She further develops strategies how to combat impunity of state and non-state actors, who committed conflict-related gender-based crimes. Anna specializes in Immigration Law, International Relations and in the field of Women's Human Rights, and has worked in Namibia, Brussels and Georgia. She is a member of the Coordination Committee Against Impunity of Amnesty International Germany and has been volunteering as an election observer for the Organization for Security and Co-Operation in Europe/Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (OSCE/ODIHR). Anna recently published »Menschenrechtsklagen am Beispiel sexualisierter Kriegsgewalt«, in: Menschenrechte und Geschlecht (2014).

 

Hyunah Yang

is a Professor at the School of Law at Seoul National University, South-Korea, where she teaches feminist jurisprudence and sociology of law. She is currently serving as a Commissioner at the National Human Rights Commission of Korea, and she was a President of the Korean Academic Association of Gender and Law (2008–2010). During the Women’s International War Crimes Tribunal against Military Sexual Slavery by Japan, which was conducted 2000 in Tokyo, Hyunah was one of the country prosecutors of the North and South Korea Joint prosecution team and represented survivors' testimonies. Her research and teaching interests have been various in social theory, feminist jurisprudence, human rights, postcolonialism, and representing victim's voices, in particular in the context of war, colonialism, and public atrocities. Her publications in English include »Revisiting the Issue of Korean ›Military Comfort Women‹: The Question of Truth and Positionality,« in: positions. asia critique 5 (1997), 1; and »Finding the ›Map of Memory‹: Testimony of the Japanese Military Sexual Slavery Survivors,« in: positions. asia critique 16 (2008), 1.

 

Dubravka Zarkov

is an Associate Professor of Gender, Conflict and Development at the International Institute of Social Studies/EUR, The Hague, Netherlands. She teaches on feminist epistemologies, conflict theories and media representations of war and violence. She is a co-editor of the European Journal of Women's Studies. Her main fields of interest are gender, sexuality and ethnicity in the context of war and violence, and their media representations, with specific focus on masculinities and sexual violence against men. She published widely on those issues. Among the publications are The Body of War: Media, Ethnicity and Gender in the Break-up of Yugoslavia (2007); Gender, Conflict, Development (ed. 2008) about global dimensions of contemporary wars, and a co-edited volume with Cynthia Cockburn about Dutch peacekeeping in Bosnia, The Postwar Moment: Militaries, Masculinities and International Peacekeeping (2002). Recently she published the edited collection (with Helen Hintjens) Conflict, Peace, Security and Development (2015).

 

Gaby Zipfel

is a Researcher at the Hamburg Foundation for the Advancement of Research and Culture and an Associate Researcher at the Hamburg Institute for Social Research, Germany. She co-coordinates the Foundation's Working Group on »War & Gender«. Between 1992 and 2012 she was one of the editors of the Institute's magazine, Mittelweg 36. She is also a member of the Editorial Board of Eurozine. Her publications include »›Lass uns ein bisschen Spaß haben‹. Zum Verhältnis von Gender, Gewalt und Sexualität in kriegerischen Konflikten,« in: Literaturkritik.de 14 (2012), 1; »›Wir werden fein den Mund halten müssen ...‹. Anmerkungen zur Wirkungsmacht des Beschweigens,« in: Mittelweg 36 19 (2010), 4; »Ausnahmezustand Krieg? Anmerkungen zu soldatischer Männlichkeit, sexueller Gewalt und militärischer Einhegung,« in: Insa Eschebach, Regina Mühlhäuser (ed.): Krieg und Geschlecht. Sexuelle Gewalt im Krieg und Sex-Zwangsarbeit in NS-Konzentrationslagern (2008); »Blood, sperm and tears. Sexuelle Gewalt in Kriegen,« in: Mittelweg 36 10 (2001), 5; translated into English on eurozine.com. Her work on the connections between sexuality and violence was published in the Metzler Handbuch Gewalt (2013).

 

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